The Jaguar E-type was derived from a racing car, and designed by an aerodynamics expert, not a “stylist.” Its stiff chassis and independent suspension gave a smooth ride and brilliant roadholding. It also became a symbol of 1960s freedom.
Car designers had explored just about every wheel configuration by the dawn of the 1960s. These even included wheels arranged in a diamond pattern, both as a short lived production car, a Sunbeam, and several prototypes, the Vannod, the Voisin, and the Gordon. Pininfarina’s X, though, pushed the parameters out further by using a rhomboid for the car’s “footprint.”