Car: Jaguar D-Type, 1955

By the early 1950s, Jaguar exuded excitement on all fronts: its XK engine was acclaimed; it built the most glamorous sedans available; and the XK120 sports car was world-famous on road and track.

1955 model car Jaguar D-Type
This is the D-type co-driven by Ron Flockhart and Ivor Bueb on its way to victory in the 1957 Le Mans 24-hour race, Jaguar’s fifth victory there.

Still, it was apparent to company founder William Lyons that a production car could no longer compete in the highest motorsport echelons. So Jaguar’s racing department devised a special-bodied XK120, the XK120C or C-type (for Competition). It twice won Le Mans and, furthermore, proved the effectiveness of disc brakes. The first three World Champion drivers, Farina, Fangio, and Ascari, all bought one to use as road cars. Jaguar was interested in really conquering Le Mans— anything else was a bonus—and pursued that determinedly in 1954 with its first pure racing car, the D-type. It featured purpose designed monocoque construction, all-round disc brakes (Jaguar and Dunlop refined them together), and bodywork designed by aerodynamicist Malcolm Sayer.

1955 model car Jaguar D-Type
1955 model car Jaguar D-Type
1955 Jaguar D-Type
1955 Jaguar D-Type

The stabilizing fin behind the driver’s head was a D-type hallmark. On its 1954 Le Mans debut, a D-type finished a close second to a Ferrari with a much larger engine. Thus proven in public, Jaguar offered it to privateer drivers—it cost £1,895, before tax—and soon D-types were winning races worldwide. The pinnacle of its career was three successive wins at Le Mans, 1955–57. In 1957, five cars entered and they finished 1-2-3-4-6—one of the most remarkable Le Mans performances ever.

“The brilliant success of the Jaguars in taking the first four and sixth places becomes all the more significant when it is considered that every one of these cars was a private entry.”

The autocar magazine report on the le mans race, 1957

Video model car Jaguar D-Type

Specification model car Jaguar D-Type

PLACE OF ORIGIN: Coventry, Warwickshire, UK
HISTORICAL STATUS: sports-racing car
ENGINE: six-cylinder, 210ci (3,442cc)
LAYOUT: front-mounted engine driving the rear wheels
BODYWORK: two-door, two-seater roadster
TOP SPEED: 175mph (282kph)