Model of the car: Citroën SM, 1970


Citroën had long plotted a genuine flagship model mixing the DS’s hightech logic with two extra facets: performance and prestige. Therefore, the opportunity to buy Italy’s Maserati in 1968 proved ideal for adding supercar experience to Citroën’s renowned design ideals.

1970 Citroen SM

The Citroën SM had a wide front-wheel drive stance tapering inward to a narrower-track rear. Under its hood lay the wonder of Maserati power.

The result, in 1970, was the fabulous Citroën SM, a stunning combination of French ingenuity and Italian panache. At its heart was a tidy 90 degree V6 Maserati engine, derived from the marque’s V8. At 163ci (2,670cc), it put the car just inside the acceptable bracket for taxation in France.

Unlike a Maserati, however, the SM was front-wheel drive, with the transmission and driveshafts mounted ahead of the set-back engine. This superb weight distribution promoted stable road manners, but Citroën’s hydro-pneumatic self-levelling suspension, plus four-wheel disc brakes, were excellent features, too. The headlamps could swivel with the self-centring, power steering, allowing an SM to “see around corners.”

1970 model of the car Citroën SM

1970 car Citroën SM

But the body design topped that. With a frontal glass fairing and aircraft-grade aluminum hood, the SM tapered to a sleek finish with a glass tailgate. The huge windshield and sheathed rear wheels had a space-age aura. The cabin brimmed with futuristic touches, such as oval dials and a single-spoke steering wheel. The seats, with broad, sculptural rolls, looked amazing despite being unsupportive. But sadly, the 1973 global fuel crisis meant demand for 18mpg (6.4km/l) cars evaporated overnight.

“Anyone who can conquer its idiosyncrasies will find it an appealing machine. Others who can’t may find the concentration required to drive it well inappropriate.”

Road Test, Motor Magazine, 1973

Video: Model of the car Citroën SM

Specification: Model of the car Citroën SM

YEAR REVEALED: 1970
PLACE OF ORIGIN: Paris, France, and Modena, Italy
HISTORICAL STATUS: production car
ENGINE: V6-cylinder, 163–181ci (2,670–2,974cc)
MAXIMUM POWER: 180bhp
LAYOUT: front-mounted engine driving the front wheels
BODYWORK: two-door, four-seater sedan
TOP SPEED: 142mph (229kph)
NUMBER BUILT: 12,920