Car: Ghia Gilda Streamline X, 1955

This extreme study in automobile aerodynamics was the center of attention at the 1955 Turin motor show, where it rotated majestically and silently on a spacious turntable before startled visitors.

1955 Ghia Gilda Streamline X
Ghia’s Gilda show car was a wedge-shaped façade totally lacking running gear, although the car has today been converted to gas turbine power.

Ghia’s Gilda came together after collaboration between the Turin Polytechnic and Giovanni Savonuzzi, a designer recently recruited from Cisitalia. Starting in November 1954 with scale models and eventually progressing to the full-size car, it was extensively wind-tested to overcome what Savonuzzi called “the imperfectly understood science” of streamlining. The Gilda was as impractical an everyday proposition as many other styling exercises, with its two huge fins rising arrow-like along each of its lengthy flanks, its enclosed wheels, and its unfeasibly slim roof pillars.

1955 model car Ghia Gilda Streamline X
1955 model car Ghia Gilda Streamline X
1955 Ghia Gilda Streamline X
1955 Ghia Gilda Streamline X

None of which mattered, of course, because this was a show car, pure and simple. Still, it didn’t stop Ghia claiming the car had the potential to hit 140mph (225kph) if fitted with a tuned OSCA engine, when in fact, no drivetrain was installed at all inside the tubular steel-framed, aluminum panelled façade. The publicity machine rolled on after its circuit of European motor shows. The car was offered free to the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan, and in October 1955, it was sent to the US. In 1956, Ghia built two further cars directly inspired by what it now termed the “Gilda Line”— the Ghia Dart and an incredible Ferrari 410 Superamerica. They shared the gigantic tailfins, but were actual runners.

“A particularly rich and fortunate year of innumerable projects destined for the other side of the Atlantic.”

Giovanni Savonuzzi, Designer Of The Gilda, Commenting On The Events Of 1955

Video: Ghia Gilda Streamline X

Specification: Ghia Gilda Streamline X

ENGINE: none originally fitted but a four-cylinder, 91ci (1,491cc) engine anticipated
LAYOUT: front-mounted engine driving the rear wheels
BODYWORK: two-door, two-seater racer
TOP SPEED: 140mph (225kph) (notional)